President Emmanuel Macron’s government plans to codify into law some aspects of France’s current state of emergency, such as the ability to place people under house arrest without a judge’s prior authorization.

Meanwhile, Mr. Macron seeks to avoid a confrontation with the country’s powerful unions over his plans to overhaul the labor code. His opponents, Marine Le Pen and Jean-Luc Mélenchon, are also preparing for a pitched battle.

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John Thys/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

• “Brexit” talks opened in Brussels, with the British government hanging by a thread and on a tight deadline.

For now, an initial timetable has been agreed upon. And both Britain and the E.U. said that they want to preserve Ireland’s open border.

The E.U. wants to settle ambiguities about the rights of its citizens now living in Britain, and to agree on a form of arbitration in disputes. It also wants Britain to pay the union a large but negotiable sum.

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Vadim Savitsky/Russian Defence, via European Pressphoto Agency

• Great power rivalries in the Middle East deepened.

Russia threatened to target American warplanes in Syrian airspace after the U.S. shot down a Syrian fighter jet. That raised the specter of direct conflict between the two powers, which back different sides in the Syrian war.

Separately, Saudi Arabia said that its navy had seized three members of Iran’s Revolutionary Guards, who it said were piloting a boat loaded with explosives toward a Saudi offshore oil rig. Iran denied the claim, saying the Saudi Navy shot at fishermen.

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Stephen Crowley/The New York Times

• In Washington, Republican members of Congress are quietly advancing what appears to be a foreign policy at odds with President Trump’s — tougher on Russia, and friendlier to NATO and Europe.

The Supreme Court agreed to consider whether partisan gerrymandering violates the Constitution — a case that could reshape American politics.

And the court ruled that top Bush administration officials can’t be sued over the detention of immigrants after the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks.

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Business

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Daniel Leal-Olivas/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

• British regulators are to report today on whether the government should allow 21st Century Fox to buy the rest of Sky, the satellite television giant. The ruling will test Rupert Murdoch’s legacy as a global media mogul.

• Ethereum, a digital currency network that is winning over tech geeks and big companies, may soon surpass Bitcoin.

Cities like Reykjavik, Helsinki and Istanbul are benefiting as airlines reframe inconvenient layovers as sightseeing opportunities.

Here’s a snapshot of global markets.

In the News

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Miguel Riopa/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

• Our correspondent describes driving into a Portuguese countryside ravaged by an immense forest fire, past burned-out cars and melted road signs. [The New York Times]

Otto Warmbier, the American college student who was returned from North Korea last week in a coma, has died. [The New York Times]

• Petro Poroshenko, Ukraine’s president, is traveling to Washington. It is unclear whether he will meet with President Trump. [Agence France-Presse]

• In Turkey, veteran journalists are being tried on charges of supporting the failed coup last year. [The Guardian]

• Greece, courting Chinese investment, blocked a European effort at the United Nations to highlight Beijing’s human rights abuses. [The New York Times]

• A French and a Kurdish journalist were killed in an explosion while covering the Iraqi Army’s offensive against the Islamic State in Mosul. [France 24]

• Israeli software bought by the Mexican government to fight drug cartels is instead infesting the smartphones of government critics. [The New York Times]

• Thousands of physicists are back to work at CERN’s particle collider on the French-Swiss border. But what if there’s nothing new to discover? [The New York Times]

Smarter Living

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Craig Lee for The New York Times

• Recipe of the day: Use a rotisserie bird to make chicken salad with walnuts and grapes.

Exercise may benefit children’s cognition by first improving their fitness.

• And sipping some coffee or an energy drink before hitting the gym can give your workout a boost.

Noteworthy

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Bertrand Rindoff Petroff/Getty Images

• Carla Fendi, the Italian fashion designer, reportedly died at 80. In 1976, The Times wrote about her family’s start in the industry. “We had to work twice as hard as men to establish ourselves,” Ms. Fendi said.

• In Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo, many people lack access to electricity or running water. But dressing well is a point of pride.

• At the Confederations Cup, Germany beat Australia, 3-2. Up next, Russia, the soccer tournament’s host nation, will take on Portugal.

Royal Ascot, the annual British society event that showcases top racehorses (and hats), begins today.

• And a campaign in Madrid seeks to put an end to the scourge of “manspreading” on public transport.

Back Story

Before June 20, 1986, a woman could not be a Ms. in the pages of The Times.

“The top editor had persuaded the publisher, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, that the usage was a passing fad,” a groundbreaking Times editor, Betsy Wade, wrote recently.

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The New York Times, June 20, 1986

So reporters had to pry when interviewing women: Are you Miss or Mrs.?

“It’s none of your damned business!” reporters were sometimes told.

In 1972, Ms. was accepted by the American Heritage School Dictionary.

But it took protests, internal pressure, time and a smart strategy to persuade The Times to follow suit.

Paula Kassell, a feminist writer and publisher, bought a few shares of Times stock so she could raise questions about the policy at shareholders’ meetings.

In April 1986, she persuaded Mr. Sulzberger to convene language experts — but then received word that the paper would allow Ms. without further discussion.

As The Times prepared its first paper using Ms., Ms. Wade wrote, “Gloria Steinem, Mary Thom and other editors of Ms. magazine walked into the city room with a basket of flowers for the editor” — A. M. Rosenthal — “and the copy editors and reporters applauded.”

David Dunlap contributed reporting.

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